PROCEDURAL TEXT

Definition of Procedure Text

Procedure text is a text that explains or helps us how to make or use something.

Generic Structure of Procedure Text

Purpose/goals : (e.g : How to make pancake)
Material or Ingredient : (e.g : the material to cook omelette are egg, wheat flour, milk etc. )
Step : (e.g : first, mix egg and wheat flour, …., pour the milk. . . )

Purpose of Procedure Text

To tell the reader how to make/do something through a sequence of steps.
To explain steps/instruction to make/do something

Language Feature of Procedure Text:

Use adverbial of sequence / Using temporal conjunction (e.g: first, second, third, the last)

Use command / imperative sentence (e.g : mix the flour… pour the milk.. )

Using adverbials (Adverbs) to express detail the time, place, manner accurate, for example, for five minutes, 2 hours, etc.

Using action verbs, e.g : make, take, boil, cook

Using Simple Present Tense

Examples of Procedure Text

HOW TO MAKE A CUP Of COFFEE

MATERIALS AND INGEDIENTS :
– 2
spoons of sugar
– one
spoon of coffee powder
– hot
water
– a cup
– a
spoon

PROCEDURE :
1. Prepare two spoons of sugar, a cup, hot water, one spoon of coffee powder, a spoon.
2. Put one spoon of coffee powder into the cup.
3. Pour some hot water into the cup.
4. Add 2 spoons of sugar into a cup of coffee
5. Stir it well and the hot coffee is ready to drink

source of the example of procedural text (how to make a cup of coffee) : http://britishcourse.com/procedure-text-definition-generic-structures-purposes-language-features.php

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